California agriculture

Every generation tackles old problems anew.  Abject homelessness, “radicalized” socialists, tyrant capitalists, gilded-age life-styles and monopolistic practices may seem like current news, but they were omnipresent in the first Gilded Age in California, circa the 1890s.

A “naturalistic” writer, Frank Norris, surveyed this landscape through his novel The Octopus: A Story of California (1901).  Its